Children with ADHD have more than the ordinary amount of trouble paying attention and controlling impulsive behavior.
Students who have ADHD have above average IQs, but experience difficulty in the classroom which may lead to lower grades or other problems.
Here are the tips and teaching methods for teachers and parents to assist students with ADHD.
1. Break instructions down into smaller parts.
Giving one piece of directions at a time is helpful for kids with ADHD. This helps students stay focused on one task at a time and helps maintain focus through the class period.
2. Give written directions.
Students with ADHD may not remember lengthy oral directions. Provide written directions that allow students to refer to them when needed. Having directions accessible while completing an assignment ensures students stay on track.
3. Check student work early and often.
It is very frustrating for students to have to redo assignments! It can contribute to the common problem of taking hours each day to do homework. Checking classwork and homework a few minutes after beginning a task provides the opportunity to redirect efforts – whether it be because the student misunderstood directions or needs a little more math help!
4. Use patterns and mnemonics.
Learning patterns in math makes it easier to understand and remember concepts. Mnemonics are memory devices, like “don’t miss Susie’s boat” to remember how to do long division (divide, multiply, subtract, bring down). Anything that seems to make math easier and faster helps kids with ADHD focus better.
5. Provide real-life examples.
Real-life examples can make math concepts come alive for all students including those with ADHD.
Telling time and making change with money are examples of ways for younger students to understand basic concepts with real-life context.
6. Use technology and visuals for math help.
Charts and graphs are a great way to assist kids with ADHD to remember the steps needed for complex calculations. Computers and smartboards also help students interact with the material in different ways. This can affect transfer from short-term to long-term memory.
Coach Benjamin Mizrahi. Educator. Learning Specialist. Family Coach. Father. Husband.
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