According to Baumrind, there are four distinct parenting styles, each having their own strengths and weaknesses. These are:
Authoritarian parents are thought of as strict disciplinarians. They are unbending, little to no negotiation is possible, communication is one way. Their expectations need to be met or else punishment is enforced. Children of authoritarian parents most often obey the rules, but at the price of a lower self-esteem because their opinions are not valued.
These types of parents set clear and reasonable expectations yet set definitive consequences for failing to achieve these. The reasons behind the rules are explained, and communication is frequent between parent and child. This mode of child-rearing most often results in the children becoming responsible adults who feel free in expressing their opinions.
Permissive parents allow children to do what they want with limited guidance or direction. Expectations are minimal or not set at all. They become more of a friend than a parent, and most often the children struggle academically due to lack of direction and expectation. This type of parenting has an environment of great freedom but does not enforce responsibility, and that can lead to behavioral or health problems for their children.
Uninvolved parents give their children freedom to do what they want and are often out of the way of their development. They often have no knowledge of what their children are doing and expect them to raise themselves. Often, these types of parents are overwhelmed or struggling with themselves or perhaps don’t know what to do in raising their child. Children most often do poorly in school and have low self-esteem.
Coach Benjamin Mizrahi. Educator. Learning Specialist. Family Coach. Father. Husband.
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